In the paper, there is presented a historical background of the manufacture of milk products in Poland and in other parts of the world. A list of the most important milk products appearing typical and genuine for a particular world region is included. With regard to region-specific cheeses, two systems of their protection exist, which are successfully implemented and applied in five countries: PDO, which stands for a System of Protection of Designation of Origin, and PGI that stands for a System of Protection of Geographical Indication. The authors also briefly depict the current situation of manufacturing regional cheeses in Poland, with special accent out on the Polish “oscypek” cheese.
milk, fermented drinks, cheeses, protection of designation of origin, oscypek (oszczypek)