FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Assessing intake of basic nutrients by the elderly from Częstochowa district


The objective of the survey research study was to assess, on the basis of a pilot survey research, the intake of basic nutrients and some selected B-group vitamins by the elderly from the Częstochowa district. The pilot survey included a group of 20 people aged 65 and over. To assess the diet of the elderly, a method of 24-hour dietary interview and a quantitative analysis were  applied once. The diet of both the women and the men was low in protein (83 and 84 % of RDA, viz. Recommended Daily Amount) and carbohydrates (87 and 89 % of RDA). The women  consumed proper amounts of n-3 fatty acids (96 % of RDA) and cholesterol (102 % of RDA), while the men consumed proper amounts of energy and monounsaturated fatty acids (95 % and 93  % of RDA). The two groups consumed too high amounts of saturated fatty acids (women – 128 % of RDA, men – 201 % of RDA); additionally the men declared to consume high amounts of total  fatty acids and cholesterol (116 % and 201 % of RDA). It was found that both the men and the women consumed proper amounts of thiamine (B1), i.e. 92 % and 98 % of RDA, respectively.  In the case of other vitamins, viz. riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3) and pyridoxine (B6), an excessive intake thereof was reported. The identified dietary errors are quantitative in nature and show abnormalities in the diet of the group of seniors surveyed, thus they will be applied as a basis for the planning and conducting of a survey research on a representative group of the elderly in order to fully access the nutritional status of this population group. Also it is essential to educate seniors and their caregivers on the proper nutrition and diet.


: the elderly, nutrition method, nutrients, energetic components, nutrition standards, assessment of nutrition