FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Comparison between chemical composition of fresh and frozen-stored muscles of broiler chickens fed mixtures containing various amounts of soybean oil, linseed oil, and vitamin E


The research material comprised 100 samples of minced muscles (50 samples of breast and 50 samples of leg muscles) derived from broiler chickens fed mixtures with various contents of soybean oil, linseed oil, and vitamin E. The contents of basic components and the profile of fatty acids in the lipid fraction were determined. The determination was made in the raw material as well as in the samples that were frozen-stored for 10 months. It was proved that the storage time and the feed mixtures applied had a significant effect on the level of crude fat in the muscles analyzed. The 10-month storage period significantly impacted (p ≤ 0.01) the profile of fatty acids in both the breast muscle lipids and the leg muscle lipids. In the frozen-stored muscles (of the two groups), the content of saturated fatty acids decreased and the content of unsaturated fatty acids increased compared to the fresh samples; this indicated that the storage time of muscles did not cause their nutritive value to decrease. It was found that the muscles of experimental chickens contained a higher amount of desirable linolenic acid (C18:3), and the more linseed oil and vitamin E in the feed mixture the more the linoleic acid in the muscles of the chickens. The most favourable PUFA n-6 to PUFA n-3 ratio was found in the muscles (fresh and frozen) of broiler chickens that were fed mixtures with soybean and linseed oils the content of which was equal and amounted to 3 %, and with 150 mg·kg-1 of vitamin E.


broiler chicken, breast muscles, leg muscles, fatty acids, linseed oil, soybean oil, vitamin E