FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Study on β−carotene stability on various solid food supports


Natural food additives, such as dyes are gaining wider and wider group of followers among producers and consumers of food. This happens because of growing knowledge of food additives, especially those natural. β-carotene shows susceptibility on light, temperature and peroxide factors. The usage of natural antioxidants, closing products in special bags e.g. in neutral gas atmosphere, not transparent and others improves durability of this dye. There has been different technological processes applied to prevent the dye degradation during production process. There has been tried to observe and place β-carotene on different solid food supports for its oxidative stability growth. The sorption process was scrutinized by means of the spectrophotometric method. The concentration of β-carotene was determined both before and after sorption. No differences in the concentration of β-carotene were found, that proves lack of sorptive properties on the examined celluloses or starch. An attempt was made to deposit the dye on selected celluloses and starch. A constant amount of a respective carrier was added to the β-carotene solution, following which the solvent was evaporated by means of vacuum distillation. Carotenoids deposited on the carriers were put into bottles and conditioned in vacuum dryer. The concentrations of β-carotene on those carriers were measured with the use of spectrophotometric method during two weeks. The samples were stored in excitators with H2O (aw = 1), MgCl(aw = 0,3), CaCl2 (a= 0) with an access of light, oxygen, and at room temperature. A beneficial influence of water was discovered on the stability of β-carotene deposited on different carriers. With the increasingf activity of the medium water the stability of colour also increased. An important correlation was also found between the kind of carrier and the rate of β-carotene decomposition. The influence of the type of carrier was statistically significant at aw = 1. The greatest stability of β-carotene was obtained for microcrystalline cellulose and different fibres of wheat. β-carotene broke down the quickest on potato starch.


β−carotene, water activity, colour stability