Chemiluminescence is the emission of light quanta having definite wavelengths as a result of specific chemical reactions. Such reactions give a product in the excited state, and during an electron recombination process, the emission of electromagnetic radiation takes place. The first objective of the project was to construct chemiluminometer, a device that could be applied to investigate various oxidation processes using chemiluminescence. The next objective of the project was to determine the minimum level at which hydrogen peroxide could be detected. With the use of the chemiluminometer constructed, the concentration level of hydrogen peroxide was analyzed in a model system. A reaction between luminol-H2O2 and chorseradisch peroxidase was used to prove whether or not the device correctly operated and if the repeatability of results could be achieved. The third objective of the project was to produce a horseradish peroxidase preparation and to determine an optimal level of pH of its reaction. The horseradish peroxidase was produced from horseradish roots using traditional isolation and initial cleaning methods. The authors had to produce their own enzymatic preparation because all the commercially available peroxidases from horseradish roots were very expensive. It was also determined that while using the chemiluminometer constructed, the level of detecting hydrogen peroxide in the luminol-H2O2-peroxidase model was 1×10-10 mol/dm3 (3.74 ng/dm3). No linear dependence between the concentration of hydrogen peroxide and the chemiluminescence signal was found. The optimal level of pH equalling 7 (pH = 7) was determined of the isolated horseradish peroxidase.
chemiluminescence, hydrogen peroxide, luminol, horseradish peroxidase