FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Effect of blanching conditions of celeriac tissue on the texture properties of dried material


The objective of this paper was to study the effect of saturation using calcium ions, as well as the effect of conditions of blanching celeriac tissues on the kinetics of drying process and the texture properties of dried material. The blanching process was performed in distilled water at 60 °C and 95 °C, during varying time periods, as well as in the calcium lactate solution. The following was determined: destructive deformation destructing dried vegetable with the use of a breaking test; the cutting work of the hydrated celeriac. The analysis of the results obtained based on the celeriac drying curves allowed for the statement that the longer the duration time of blanching in distilled water was, the shorter the duration time of drying celeriac was. When blanching in the calcium lactate solution, no changes in the duration time of drying were found compared to the process performed in distilled water under the same conditions. On the other hand, the investigation results prove that high temperature if applied to traditional blanching process causes significant changes to occur in the mechanical properties of the celeriac tissue being dried, found mainly after the celeriac tissue is hydrated, i.e. weakening of the tissue texture. The saturation using calcium ions during blanching caused a significant increase in the Ca content in the tissue. Owing to insignificant changes in the textural properties of dried material produced from this tissue, the conclusion is that the saturation of the celeriac tissue using Ca ions during blanching can be one of the methods of enriching the tissue by adding the element analyzed.


saturation, blanching, drying, celeriac, breaking, cutting