Texture is the basic quality indicator of processed cheeses that decides upon their functionality – the major advantage of this product. In this paper, factors moulding the texture of processed cheeses were described based on the present scientific research and technological practice. The effect of the composition of mixture to be melted, i.e. content of water, proteins, and fat on the basic texture parameters of processed cheeses was discussed as was the impact of technological process conditions, i.e. mechanical processing (time and speed of mixing), thermal processing (time and temperature of melting), and cooling conditions (cooling speed). Furthermore, it was explained the impact of some factors on the hardness of the processed cheese, i.e. the addition of melting salts, the degree of maturity of the cheese’s raw materials, the content of calcium, and the pH value.
processed cheese, texture, hardness