The objective of the research performed was to determine the effect of added ethanolic extracts of thyme, green tea, and commercial extract of rosemary and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on the oxidation stability and the reduction of nutritional losses of lyophilized meat stored at 18 – 20 °C. Ethanolic extracts of thyme and tea, and a rosemary extract and BHT were applied onto the meat surface. In relation to the lipid weight, the amounts of applied extracts were, respectively: 0.05 %, and 0.02 %. A reference sample was the one with no additives. The degree of lipid oxidation level in the meat stored was determined based on changes in the contents of peroxides and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), whereas the nutritive value thereof on the basis of the contents of thiamine and essential amino-acids: lysine and methionine. The additives applied did not inhibit the production of primary lipid oxidation products (peroxides and hydroperoxides), and the thyme extract demonstrated a strong oxidation–supporting activity. An antioxidant activity of all the additives was observed with regard to the secondary lipid oxidation products denoted as TBARS. None of the additives showed any protective activity are regards the egzogenitc amino acids. The highest loss of the available lysine was found in a sample with rosemary extract added; it amounted to nearly 51 %. The highest decrease in the content of available methionine, amounting to about 41 %, was reported in the samples with the thyme extract applied. The protective activity of anti-oxidants was found as regards the thiamine. In the samples with BHT and rosemary additives, significantly lower losses of this vitamin were found compared to the control sample.
meat, lyophilization, oxidation of lipids, antioxidants, nutritive value