FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Antioxidant activity of some selected teas – a comparison


Teas are characterized by diverse compositions of polyphenolic compounds and owing to this fact their antioxidant properties are also different. Thus, the main objective of this paper was to analyse and compare antioxidant activity of some selected teas available on the local market. For the products investigated, the antioxidant activity of their alcoholic extracts was spectrophotometrically measured on the basis of their scavenging effects on the DPPH radicals (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl). It was stated that the antioxidant activity of all teas investigated was generally good, however, the stronger differences were found in the group of fermented teas if compared with non-fermented or semifermented ones. Moreover, the investigation results proved that the fermentation process had a significant impact on the antioxidant activity of teas. Among all the products analyzed, the semi-fermented oolong and pu-erh teas showed the highest antioxidant activity and the mean values determined were about 70% and 67,3%, respectively. Except for the Yunnan Top (black) tea, the non-fermented (green) and fermented (black) teas generally showed a lower antioxidant activity within a range between 53.7% and 61%, and 39.6 – 68%, respectively. Although one of the black teas, the Yunnan Top, had 68% of the antioxidant activity, i.e. this value was similar to the corresponding value of the semi-fermented teas. On the basis of the statistical analysis , it was confirmed that the majority of products examined significantly (P £ 0,05) differed in their scavenging effect on the DPPH radicals.


antioxidant activity, tea extracts, catechins, and DPPH• (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl)