FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) investigations on potato starch in suspensions


Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of the methods used for the analysis of the starch structure. In this manner, involving changes in electron density structure of starch becomes available. By variation of the media in which starch is suspended wider differentiation of starch structure is possible. Usually such studies are carried out in water. In this paper the SAXS method was successfully used for investigation of starch structure in such media as water, methanol, 1 M solution of HCl, 1 M solution of NaCl, and 0.1 M solution of I2 in KI. Analysis of SAXS curves for those suspensions proved some differences in curve pattern. Especially interesting data were obtained from a comparison of SAXS curves for starch suspensions in 1 M HCl and 1 M NaCl. Effective scattering of starch suspension in 1 M HCl in the initial part of the curve, as compared to the 1 M NaCl case, indicates that the diffusion of Cl ions to various regions of the starch structures depends, among other things, on the pH of the solution. These results demonstrated that the SAXS method could be used for identification of the starch structures to which specific media diffuse and, therefore, for investigating the impact of various factors on this diffusion.