FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Evaluating the correctness of balancing the daily diets of the elderly living in the selected residential care homes and in a nursing house


Frequent control over the nutrition program and meals for the elderly, i.e. for the population who is particularly exposed to the risk of nutrient deficiencies, can be a basis to correct current mistakes in nutrition, and, in consequence, to contribute to slowing down the process of biological aging, and to physiological and pathological changes. The calculated energetic values of daily diet rations provided to the elderly living in two Residential Care Homes (RCH 1 and RCH 2) and in one Nursing House (NH) were 157, 137, and 143 % of the recommended daily intake (RDI). The protein intake was 144, 133, and 119 %; fat – 211, 175, 206 %; and total carbohydrates – 137, 121, and 116 % of RDI, respectively. At the same time, it was found that the demand for the majority of the B complex vitamins and antioxidant vitamins (β-carotene, vitamin C and E) was adequately covered, and, thus, the RDI was realized. Only in the Nursing Home, the daily diet rations contained the amount of vitamin A that was twice as high as the recommended value, but the amount of vitamin C and PP were low and covered the recommended standard amount RDI only in 82 % and 73 %, respectively. With regard to all the groups studied, the daily dietary supply of potassium, magnesium, iron, and manganese was generally satisfactory. However, there was found a deficit of copper (~ 30 %), and of zinc and calcium (~20 %), whereas the supply of phosphorus was twice as high as the recommended amount, and the minimum level of sodium supply was exceeded 5 to 7 times. The statistically significant differences in the determined contents of individual nutrients contained in daily diet rations, were season-of-the-year dependent and referred exclusively to some of them.


warehouse reports, daily diet rations, nutrients, elderly