FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Assessment of the nutrition patterns used by residents living in selected rural households


The objective of this paper was to assess to what extent the nutrition patterns followed by residents (boys, men, women) living in selected rural households covered their demands for energy and nutrients. It was proved that food rations as applied by this population did not satisfy the requirements of rational nutrition. The average caloric value of a food ration was at a correct level. In the case of women and boys, their demand for total protein was insufficient, but the men were provided with adequate amounts of this component. Fat amounts eaten were also appropriate; however, the quantities of cholesterol were excessive. The per cent content of total carbohydrates and dietary fibre was insufficient, particularly in the food rations of women. The minerals, such as calcium, copper, magnesium, and zinc (in the case of women and men), and iron and potassium (in the case of women) was supplied in the organisms in insufficient amounts. The intake of sodium and phosphorus was much higher than the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA). In the nutrition diets of individual groups of residents investigated, a high deficiency of B vitamins and vitamin C were noted (especially in the diets of women), while the amounts of vitamins A and E taken fully covered the demand as indicated by the respective RDA.


food diets, dietary records taken during the most recent 24 hrs, nutrients, daily intake, per centage of Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA), residents living in rural households