The objective of this paper was to optimize the process of simultaneous gelatinisation and liquefaction of potato starch with α-amylases in a co-rotating twin-screw extruder. Bacterial α-amylases, such as Termamyl S and Ban 480L, and fungal α-amylase Fungamyl 800L, were used. The first step was to determine the process parameters owing to which the gelatinisation of starch was possible. The temperature of the barrel sections and the screw speed of the extruder varied, and they were controlled, while the moisture content of starch was constant, and equal to 35% (w/w). It was stated that only a temperature higher than 100°C could produce a satisfactory gelatinisation of starch. It was also verified whether or not enzymes maintained their hydrolytic activity under the extrusion conditions. It was stated an increase in the dextrose equivalent (DE) ensuing parallel to the increasing doses of enzymes added to starch. For continuing extrusions, two enzymes: Termamyl S and Ban 480 L were selected since they showed the highest thermal resistance. The impact of the extruder’s screw speed (40–60 rpm) and of the initial moisture content in starch (32–40%) on DE and on the osmotic pressure of products under investigations was investigated. Additionally, chemical composition of these preparations was determined. The research performed showed that the conditions applied to carry out extrusion processes were sufficient for a partial hydrolysis of potato starch to occur products and to obtain products with a low DE value.
extrusion, potato starch, enzymatic hydrolysis, α-amylase