Honey is characterised by unique sensory and health-promoting properties. It contains inter alia antioxidants, enzymes, vitamins and macro- and microelements that shape its biological activity and play an important role in the proper functioning of human body. Honeys are a source of potassium, magnesium, calcium, sodium, sulphur, manganese, iron, vanadium, chromium, phosphorus, silver, boron and copper. The objective of the research study was to determine the mineral composition of varietal honeys available on the Polish market. In the research study there were analysed Polish honeys of various varieties: acacia, multifloral, lime and rapeseed. Assessed were honeys purchased in a supermarket and derived directly from an apiary. The average content of Ca, K, Na, Mg, Mn, Zn, Cu and Fe in honeys was, respectively [mg/100 g]: 7.42, 59.66, 1.57, 1.44, 0.11, 0.46, 0.02 and 0.12. The highest content of macro- and micronutrients was found in the multifloral honey derived directly from the apiary – 133.77 mg/100 g. The lowest content of mineral components was determined in the acacia honey purchased in the supermarket – 27.32 mg/100 g. Additionally, there was studied the effect of location of a private apiary situated near the Głogów Copper Smelter on the content of copper in the samples of honeys of different varieties. No significant relationship was found (p ≥ 0.05) between the average content of copper in the commercial honeys and those from the private apiary, which indicates no influence of geographical origin on the content of this element.
honey, honey quality, macroelements, microelements