It has been observed that among the Polish consumers the fat consumption is higher than that recommended by dieticians. A high consumption rate of fats, especially of those with an improper fatty acids profile, can contribute to health problems. The objective of the research study was to characterise habits and behaviours of the Polish breadspread consumers and to assess their perception and usage of fats. The research study was conducted on an all-Polish representative sample (n = 891) of the Polish consumers; the results thereof proved that even if the surveyed perceived their own eating style as healthy, this did not mean it was really healthy. A high rate has been found of consuming sweets and red meat, which is the sources of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol. At the same time a significant majority of consumers stated that they regularly ate meals and consumed fruits and vegetables at least once a week. It has been reported that the habits of the Polish consumers change so as to more frequently eat health-beneficial food products. Most often butter was used as a bread-spread as was rapeseed oil for frying and margarine for baking; this reflects the specific character of the Polish cuisine. There were reported many false beliefs about the content of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in fats and their impact on health. A relative balance was confirmed to exist between the consumption of plant fats and animal fats. The bread-spread consumers possess an incomplete and unstructured knowledge about fats, thus it seems necessary to educate people in this regard. The discrepancies between the beliefs about nutrition and eating habits along with the lacking awareness of knowledgedeficiencies can contribute to adverse health problems such as obesity and related diseases.
visible fats, knowledge about fats, fats perception, fats consumption, eating habits