FOOD. Science. Technology. Quality

Food. SCIENCE. Technology. Quality

Food. Science. TECHNOLOGY. Quality

Food. Science. Technology. QUALITY




Effect of exogenic preparations on content of inositol phosphates in rye dough and rye bread


The objective of this study was to determine the effect of supplementing dough with phosphorolytic enzymes on the content of anti-nutritional factor, phytic acid, and on the spectrum of products of its hydrolysis, i.e. lower isomers of myo-inositol phosphates, in rye dough and rye bread. The product tested was supplemented with commercial, microbiological preparations of 3- and 6-phytase A and of phytase B during the proofing of dough. A high-pressure ion chromatography was applied to monitor changes in the profiles of myo-inositol phosphates during the fermentation of dough. The analysis of the content of phytate was performed using a colorimetric method with a Wade reagent. The highest reduction in the content of phytic acid was found in the case of 3-phytase A combined with phytase B. It was found that the cooperation between the 3-phytase and 6-phytase A with phytase B did not impact the dephosphorylation pathway of phytate, it only accelerated the hydrolysis process according to the bioconversion routes of phytase A. This fact was confirmed both by ‘enzyme – substrate’ model experiments and by the enzymatically modified breads. The enzymatic conversion results in forming physiologically active intermediates, among other things: Ins(1,2,6)P3 and Ins(1,4,5)P3, thus, the phytases A in cooperation with the phytase B could be, potentially, applied as bio-catalysts in the production of functional foods.


phytases, phytic acid, myo-inositol phosphates